Favipiravir

  • CAT Number: I000017
  • CAS Number: 259793-96-9
  • Molecular Formula: C5H4FN3O2
  • Molecular Weight: 157.1
  • Purity: 98%
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Favipiravir(CAT: I000017), also known as T-705 or Avigan, is an antiviral drug that selectively inhibits the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of the influenza virus. Favipiravir is phosphoribosylated by cellular enzymes to its active form, favipiravir-ribofuranosyl-5/’-triphosphate (RTP).  Favipiravir is active against a broad range of influenza viruses, including A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H5N1) and the recently emerged A(H7N9) avian virus. Favipiravir also inhibits influenza strains resistant to current antiviral drugs, and shows a synergistic effect in combination with oseltamivir, thereby expanding influenza treatment options.

Catalog Number I000017
CAS Number 259793-96-9
Synonyms

Favipiravir

Molecular Formula

C5H4FN3O2

Purity 98
Solubility >6.2mg/mL in DMSO
Storage Store at -20°C
Related CAS I000017
Overview of Clinical Research

<span style=”color:#000000;”><span style=”font-size:12px;”><span style=”font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif;”>Favipiravir is a&nbsp;RNA inhibitor and a RNA replicase inhibitor.&nbsp;Appili Therapeutics initiated the phase III PEPCO trial for COVID-2019 infections (Prevention) in Canada (PO).</span></span></span>

Analysis method HPLC
IUPAC Name 5-fluoro-2-oxo-1H-pyrazine-3-carboxamide
InChI InChI=1S/C5H4FN3O2/c6-2-1-8-5(11)3(9-2)4(7)10/h1H,(H2,7,10)(H,8,11)
InChIKey ZCGNOVWYSGBHAU-UHFFFAOYSA-N
SMILES O=C(C1=NC(F)=CN=C1O)N
Reference

1. Proc Jpn Acad Ser B Phys Biol Sci. 2017;93(7):449-463. doi: 10.2183/pjab.93.027.<br />
Favipiravir (T-705), a broad spectrum inhibitor of viral RNA polymerase.<br />
Furuta Y(1), Komeno T(2), Nakamura T(3).<br />
Author information:<br />
(1)Business Development Department, Toyama Chemical Co., Ltd.<br />
(2)Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Research Laboratories, FUJIFILM Corporation. (3)Research Laboratories, Toyama Chemical Co., Ltd.<br />
<br />
Favipiravir (T-705; 6-fluoro-3-hydroxy-2-pyrazinecarboxamide) is an anti-viral agent that selectively and potently inhibits the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of RNA viruses. Favipiravir was discovered through screening chemical library for anti-viral activity against the influenza virus by Toyama Chemical Co., Ltd. Favipiravir undergoes an intracellular phosphoribosylation to be an active form, favipiravir-RTP (favipiravir ribofuranosyl-5&#39;-triphosphate), which is recognized as a substrate by RdRp, and inhibits the RNA polymerase activity. Since the catalytic domain of RdRp is conserved among various types of RNA viruses, this mechanism of action underpins a broader spectrum of anti-viral activities of favipiravir. Favipiravir is effective against a wide range of types and subtypes of influenza viruses, including strains resistant to existing anti-influenza drugs. Of note is that favipiravir shows anti-viral activities against other RNA viruses such as arenaviruses, bunyaviruses and filoviruses, all of which are known to cause fatal hemorrhagic fever. These unique anti-viral profiles will make favipiravir a potentially promising drug for specifically untreatable RNA viral infections.<br />
<br />
2. Antiviral Res. 2013 Nov;100(2):446-54. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2013.09.015. Epub 2013 Sep 29.<br />
Favipiravir (T-705), a novel viral RNA polymerase inhibitor.<br />
Furuta Y(1), Gowen BB, Takahashi K, Shiraki K, Smee DF, Barnard DL.<br />
Author information:<br />
(1)Toyama Chemical Co., Ltd., 4-1, Shimookui 2-chome, Toyama 930-8508, Japan. Electronic address: [email protected].<br />
Favipiravir (T-705; 6-fluoro-3-hydroxy-2-pyrazinecarboxamide) is an antiviral drug that selectively inhibits the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase of influenza virus. It is phosphoribosylated by cellular enzymes to its active form, favipiravir-ribofuranosyl-5&#39;-triphosphate (RTP). Its antiviral effect is attenuated by the addition of purine nucleic acids, indicating the viral RNA polymerase mistakenly recognizes favipiravir-RTP as a purine nucleotide. Favipiravir is active against a broad range of influenza viruses, including A(H1N1)pdm09, A(H5N1) and the recently emerged A(H7N9) avian virus. It also inhibits influenza strains resistant to current antiviral drugs, and shows a synergistic effect in combination with oseltamivir, thereby expanding influenza treatment options. A Phase III clinical evaluation of favipiravir for influenza therapy has been completed in Japan and two Phase II studies have been completed in the United States. In addition to its anti-influenza activity, favipiravir blocks the replication of many other RNA viruses, including arenaviruses (Junin, Machupo and Pichinde); phleboviruses (Rift Valley fever, sandfly fever and Punta Toro); hantaviruses (Maporal, Dobrava, and Prospect Hill); flaviviruses (yellow fever and West Nile); enteroviruses (polio- and rhinoviruses); an alphavirus, Western equine encephalitis virus; a paramyxovirus, respiratory syncytial virus; and noroviruses. With its unique mechanism of action and broad range of antiviral activity, favipiravir is a promising drug candidate for influenza and many other RNA viral diseases for which there are no approved therapies.<br />
<br />
3. Pharmacol Ther. 2020 May;209:107512. doi: 10.1016/j.pharmthera.2020.107512. Epub 2020 Feb 22.<br />
Favipiravir, an anti-influenza drug against life-threatening RNA virus infections.<br />
Shiraki K(1), Daikoku T(2).<br />
Author information:<br />
(1)Senri Kinran University and Department of Virology, University of Toyama, Japan. Electronic address: [email protected].<br />
(2)Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hokuriku University, Japan.<br />
Favipiravir has been developed as an anti-influenza drug and licensed as an anti-influenza drug in Japan. Additionally, favipiravir is being stockpiled for 2 million people as a countermeasure for novel influenza strains. This drug functions as a chain terminator at the site of incorporation of the viral RNA and reduces the viral load. Favipiravir cures all mice in a lethal influenza infection model, while oseltamivir fails to cure the animals. Thus, favipiravir contributes to curing animals with lethal infection. In addition to influenza, favipiravir has a broad spectrum of anti-RNA virus activities in vitro and efficacies in animal models with lethal RNA viruses and has been used for treatment of human infection with life-threatening Ebola virus, Lassa virus, rabies, and severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome. The best feature of favipiravir as an antiviral agent is the apparent lack of generation of favipiravir-resistant viruses. Favipiravir alone maintains its therapeutic efficacy from the first to the last patient in an influenza pandemic or an epidemic lethal RNA virus infection. Favipiravir is expected to be an important therapeutic agent for severe influenza, the next pandemic influenza strain, and other severe RNA virus infections for which standard treatments are not available.<br />
<br />
4. Antiviral Res. 2009 Jun;82(3):95-102. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2009.02.198. Epub 2009 Mar 6.<br />
T-705 (favipiravir) and related compounds: Novel broad-spectrum inhibitors of RNA viral infections.<br />
Furuta Y(1), Takahashi K, Shiraki K, Sakamoto K, Smee DF, Barnard DL, Gowen BB, Julander JG, Morrey JD.<br />
Author information:<br />
(1)Toyama Chemical Co., Ltd., Nishishinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan. [email protected]<br />
A series of pyrazinecarboxamide derivatives T-705 (favipiravir), T-1105 and T-1106 were discovered to be candidate antiviral drugs. These compounds have demonstrated good activity in treating viral infections in laboratory animals caused by various RNA viruses, including influenza virus, arenaviruses, bunyaviruses, West Nile virus (WNV), yellow fever virus (YFV), and foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV). Treatment has in some cases been effective when initiated up to 5-7 days after virus infection, when the animals already showed signs of illness. Studies on the mechanism of action of T-705 have shown that this compound is converted to the ribofuranosyltriphosphate derivative by host enzymes, and this metabolite selectively inhibits the influenza viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase without cytotoxicity to mammalian cells. Interestingly, these compounds do not inhibit host DNA and RNA synthesis and inosine 5&#39;-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) activity. From in vivo studies using several animal models, the pyrazinecarboxamide derivatives were found to be effective in protecting animals from death, reducing viral burden, and limiting disease manifestations, even when treatment was initiated after virus inoculation. Importantly, T-705 imparts its beneficial antiviral effects without significant toxicity to the host. Prompt development of these compounds is expected to provide effective countermeasures against pandemic influenza virus and several bioweapon threats, all of which are of great global public health concern given the current paucity of highly effective broad-spectrum drugs.<br />

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