For research use only. Not Intended for Therapeutic Use!
|Molecular Formula:||C16H15N • C4H4O4|
|We would like to match the lowest price on market if possible.|
|Product-Name:||(+)-MK 801 Maleate|
Dizocilpine maleate(MK 801) is a potent N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonist with Ki of 30.5 nM
IC50 Value: 30.5 nM.
NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor antagonist (MK-801) were used to treat hyperalgesia in the diabetic neuropathic pain (DNP).
in vitro: Neurophysiological studies in vitro, using a rat cortical-slice preparation, demonstrates a potent, selective, and noncompetitive antagonistic action of dizocilpine on depolarizing responses to N-Me-D-Asp but not to kainate or quisqualate. The potencies of phencyclidine, ketamine, SKF 10047, and the enantiomers of dizocilpine as N-Me-D-Asp antagonists correlate closely (r = 0.99) with their potencies as inhibitors of [3H] dizocilpine binding. This suggests that the dizocilpine binding sites are associated with N-Me-D-Asp receptors and provides an explanation for the mechanism of action of dizocilpine as an anticonvulsant. The cytotoxicity of MK-801 on cultured microglia was also investigated. Cytotoxicity of MK-801 was reduced by the addition of L-glutamate, kainate and NMDA. The action of MK-801 was due to the direct action of microglia.
in vivo: MK-801, administered s.c. or i.p. into rodents in doses up to 0.1 mg kg(-1), appears to fulfill the criteria of our definition of a cognition impairer in rodents, without causing sensorimotor impairments and/or signs of intoxication. In addition, MK-801-treated rodents appear to fulfill the criteria of a valid animal model of cognitive dysfunctions, with robust effects across species, housing conditions, and testing paradigms. Administration of an antagonist of NMDA receptors, MK-801, induced antidepressant-like effects in the TST for stressed BALB/c, but was ineffective for the hyperactivity and anhedonia-like behavior, in contrast to fluoxetine. Chronic MK-801 was totally inactive on the behavior of stressed C57BL/6 mice. MK-801, but not fluoxetine, inhibited the VGLUT1 prefrontal increase in BALB/c.
Clinical trial: Clinical physiology and mechanism of dizocilpine (MK-801) was reported in 2010.
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. Farley S, Dumas S, El Mestikawy S, Increased expression of the Vesicular Glutamate Transporter-1 (VGLUT1) in the prefrontal cortex correlates with differential vulnerability to chronic stress in various mouse strains: effects of fluoxetine and MK-801. Neuropharmacology. 2012 Jan;62(1):503-17.
. Kovacic P, Somanathan R. Clinical physiology and mechanism of dizocilpine (MK-801): electron transfer, radicals, redox metabolites and bioactivity. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2010 Jan-Feb;3(1):13-22.