For research use only. Not Intended for Therapeutic Use!
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Gossypol has been known to exert a potential for anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and other important therapeutic activities, gossypol binds and antagonizes anti-apoptotic effect of Bcl-2 family proteins.
Target: Bcl-2; anticancer agent
The substance, a yellow pigment similar to flavonoids, is present in cottonseed oil. In the plant, it acts as a natural defensive agent against predators, provoking infertility in insects. In most animals, gossypol provokes infertility, and in man it causes spermatogenesis arrest at relatively low doses.
in vitro: The natural product and putative BH3 mimetic gossypol enhanced the cytotoxicity of BRD4770 in a synergistic manner in p53-mutant PANC-1 cells but not in immortalized non-tumorigenic pancreatic cells. The combination of gossypol and BRD4770 increased LC3-II levels and the autophagosome number in PANC-1 cells, and the compound combination appears to act in a BNIP3 (B-cell lymphoma 2 19-kDa interacting protein)-dependent manner . Gossypol treatment resulted in cell death through oxidative stress. Metabolite analysis showed that gossypol induces a decrease of the cellular levels of GSH, aspartic acid, and FAD in ovarian cancer cell line, SKOV3 . gossypol blocked the phosphorylation of IκBα protein, p65, p38, c-Junterminal kinase (JNK) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) in LPS stimulated RAW 264.7 cells . gossypol could down-regulate activation of ConA-induced NF-κB, NFAT and AP-1 signal transduction pathways in mouse T lymphocyte .
in vivo: gossypol significantly inhibited the production of LPS-induced TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-1β both in vitro and vivo.gossypol attenuated lung histopathologic changes in mouse models .Preliminary studies in vivo showed that a growth inhibition (T/C) of 30.9% (gossypol acetate 40 mg/kg) was obtained in Balb/C mice bearing Wus1 cells. In addition, there was no body weight loss for the treated group in comparison with the vehicle mice .