For research use only. Not Intended for Therapeutic Use!
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(+)-Ketoconazole is an imidazole anti-fungal agent, a CYP3A4 inhibitor.
(+)-Ketoconazole, an imidazole anti-fungal agent, has often produced features of androgen deficiency including decreased libido, gynecomastia, impotence, oligospermia, and decreased testosterone levels, in men being treated for chronic mycotic infections . (+)-Ketoconazole also is a cytochrome P450 inhibitor .
(+)-Ketoconazole (KTZ), on the antischistosomal potential of these quinolines against Schistosoma mansoni infection by evaluating parasitological, histopathological, and biochemical parameters. Mice were classified into 7 groups: uninfected untreated (I), infected untreated (II), infected treated orally with PZQ (1,000 mg/kg) (III), QN (400 mg/kg) (IV), KTZ (10 mg/kg)+QN as group IV (V), HF (400 mg/kg) (VI), and KTZ (as group V)+HF (as group VI) (VII). KTZ plus QN or HF produced more inhibition (P<0.05) in hepatic CYP450 (85.7% and 83.8%) and CYT b5 (75.5% and 73.5%) activities, respectively, than in groups treated with QN or HF alone. This was accompanied with more reduction in female (89.0% and 79.3%), total worms (81.4% and 70.3%), and eggs burden (hepatic; 83.8%, 66.0% and intestinal; 68%, 64.5%), respectively, and encountering the granulomatous reaction to parasite eggs trapped in the liver .
Clinical indications: Candida infection; Dermatophytosis; Folliculitis
FDA Approved Date:
Toxicity: teratogenesis; liver injuries; adrenal gland problems
. Eil C. Ketoconazole binds to the human androgen receptor. Horm Metab Res. 1992 Aug;24(8):367-70.
. Seif El-Din SH, et al. Effect of ketoconazole, a cytochrome P450 inhibitor, on the efficacy of quinine and halofantrine against Schistosoma mansoni in mice. Korean J Parasitol. 2013 Apr;51(2):165-75.