Efonidipine hydrochloride monoethanolate


CAS No. : 111011-76-8

Efonidipine hydrochloride monoethanolate,111011-76-8
Product Details
For research use only. Not Intended for Therapeutic Use!
Cat No:I000446
Synonyms:NZ-105
Molecular Formula:C34H38N3O7P.HCl.C2H5OH
Molecular Weight:714.18
Target:Calcium Channel
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Cat No:I000446
Cas No:111011-76-8
Product-Name:Efonidipine hydrochloride monoethanolate

Efonidipine(NZ-105) Hcl monoethanolate is a dual T-type and L-type calcium channel blocker (CCB).

in vitro: Efonidipine and nifedipine, but not other examined CCBs, also increased the N(6), 2/'-O-dibutyryladenosine 3/',5/'-cyclic monophosphate (dbcAMP)-induced StAR mRNA, which reflects the action of adrenocorticotropic hormone, and efonidipine and R(-)-efonidipine enhanced the dbcAMP-induced DHEA-S production in NCI-H295R adrenocortical carcinoma cells [1]. I(Ca(T)) was blocked mainly by a tonic manner by nifedipine, by a use-dependent manner by mibefradil, and by a combination of both manners by efonidipine. IC50s of these Ca2+ channel antagonists to I(Ca(T)) and L-type Ca2+ channel current (I(Ca(L))) were 1.2 micromol/l and 0.14 nmol/l for nifedipine; 0.87 and 1.4 micromol/l for mibefradil, and 0.35 micromol/l and 1.8 nmol/l for efonidipine, respectively [4]. 

in vivo: Twenty hypertensive patients on chronic hemodialysis were given efonidipine 20-60 mg twice daily and amlodipine 2.5-7.5 mg once daily for 12 weeks each in a random crossover manner. The average blood pressure was comparable between the efonidipine and amlodipine periods (151 + or - 15/77 + or - 8 versus 153 + or - 15/76 + or - 8 mmHg). The pulse rate did not change significantly during the administration periods [2]. In the UM-X7.1 group, EFO treatment significantly attenuated the decrease of LVEF without affecting blood pressure compared with the vehicle group. EFO treatment decreased heart rate (by approximately 10%) in both groups [3].

[1]. Ikeda K, et al. Efonidipine, a Ca(2+)-channel blocker, enhances the production of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in NCI-H295R human adrenocortical carcinoma cells. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2011;224(4):263-71. 

[2]. Nakano N, et al. Effects of efonidipine, an L- and T-type calcium channel blocker, on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in chronic hemodialysis patients. Int Heart J. 2010 May;51(3):188-92. 

[3]. Suzuki S, et al. Beneficial effects of the dual L- and T-type Ca2+ channel blocker efonidipine on cardiomyopathic hamsters. Circ J. 2007 Dec;71(12):1970-6. 

[4]. Lee TS, et al. Actions of mibefradil, efonidipine and nifedipine block of recombinant T- and L-type Ca channels with distinct inhibitory mechanisms. Pharmacology. 2006;78(1):11-20.

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