For research use only. Not Intended for Therapeutic Use!
|IC50:||3.4 nM (20S proteasome ) |
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MLN2238(Ixazomib) inhibits the chymotrypsin-like proteolytic (β5) site of the 20S proteasome with IC50 and Ki of 3.4 nM and 0.93 nM, respectively.
IC50 Value: 3.4 nM (20S proteasome ) 
Target: 20S proteasome
MLN2238 also inhibits the caspase-like (β1) and trypsin-like (β2) proteolytic sites, with IC50 of 31 and 3500 nM. MLN2238 is the biologically active form of MLN9708.
in vitro: MLN2238 inhibits the chymotrypsin-like proteolytic (β5) site of the 20S proteasome with IC50 and Ki of 3.4 nM and 0.93 nM, respectively, also inhibits the caspase-like (β1) and trypsin-like (β2) proteolytic sites, with IC50 of 31 and 3500 nM. MLN2238 is a selective, potent, and reversible inhibitor of the proteasome in tumor cells. MLN2238 shows time-dependent reversible proteasome inhibition. Both MLN2238 and Bortezomib shows time-dependent reversible proteasome inhibition; however, the proteasome dissociation half-life for MLN2238 is determined to be 6-fold faster than that of Bortezomib (18 and 110 minutes, respectively). MLN2238 dissociates more rapidly from the proteasome than Bortezomib, consistent with faster recovery of proteasome activity observed in the Proteasome-Glo assay. MLN2238 has a greater overall tumor pharmacodynamic effect than Bortezomib as assessed by 20S inhibition . MLN2238 is the biologically active form of MLN9708 . MLN2238 can induce caspase-independent cell death in RRCL. MLN2238 (and to a much lesser degree bortezomib) reduced RRCL S phase and induced cell cycle arrest in the G2/M phase. Exposure of rituximab-chemotherapy-sensitive cell lines and RRCL to MLN2238 potentiated the cytotoxic effects of gemcitabine, doxorubicin, and paclitaxel and overcame resistance to chemotherapy in RRCL .
in vivo: MLN2238 shows greater maximum and sustained tumor proteasome inhibition compared with Bortezomib in xenograft models. These results confirm that the improved tumor exposure seen with MLN2238 translates into an improved tumor pharmacodynamic response both at the level of and downstream from the proteasome. MLN2238 shows antitumor activity in the CWR22 xenograft model. MLN2238 shows greater tumor pharmacodynamic responses in WSU-DLCL2 xenografts compared with Bortezomib. Similarly, Bortezomib treatment only led to a minor increase in GADD34 levels in WSU-DLCL2 xenograft tumors, whereas MLN2238 strongly induces its expression . MLN2238 has an improved pharmacodynamic profile and antitumor activity compared with Bortezomib in both OCI-Ly10 and PHTX22L models .
Clinical trial: A Study of MLN-9708 in Adult Patients With Lymphoma. Phase 1