For research use only. Not Intended for Therapeutic Use!
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Dehydrocorydaline chloride is an alkaloidal that has anti-inflammatory and anti-cancer activities.
In Vitro: Treatment of C2C12 myoblasts with 500 nM DHC increases the expression levels of muscle-specific proteins, including MyoD, myogenin and myosin heavy chain. Treatment with DHC elevates p38 MAPK activation and the interaction of MyoD with an E protein. Furthermore, defects in differentiation-induced p38 MAPK activation and myoblast differentiation induced by depletion of the promyogenic receptor protein Cdo in C2C12 myoblasts were restored by DHC treatment. Dehydrocorydaline significantly inhibits MCF-7 cell proliferation in a dose- dependent manner, which can be reversed by a caspase-8 inhibitor, Z-IETD-FMK. Dehydrocorydaline increases DNA fragments without affecting ΔΨm. Western blotting assay shows that dehydrocorydaline dose-dependently increases Bax protein expression and decreases Bcl-2 protein expression. Furthermore, dehydrocorydaline induces activation of caspase-7,-8 and the cleavage of PARP without affecting caspase-9. Dehydrocorydaline inhibits MCF-7 cell proliferation by inducing apoptosis mediated by regulating Bax/Bcl-2, activating caspases as well as cleaving PARP.
In Vivo: Dehydrocorydaline (3.6, 6 or 10 mg/kg, i.p.) shows a dose-dependent antinociceptive effect in the acetic acid-induced writhing test and significantly attenuates the formalin-induced pain responses in mice. In the formalin test, Dehydrocorydaline decreases the expression of caspase 6 (CASP6), TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 proteins in the spinal cord. These findings confirm that Dehydrocorydaline has antinociceptive effects in mice.
. Yoo M, et al. Dehydrocorydaline promotes myogenic differentiation via p38 MAPK activation. Mol Med Rep. 2016 Oct;14(4):3029-36.
. Yin ZY, et al. Antinociceptive effects of dehydrocorydaline in mouse models of inflammatory pain involve the opioid receptor and inflammatory cytokines. Sci Rep. 2016 Jun 7;6:27129.
. Xu Z, et al. Dehydrocorydaline inhibits breast cancer cells proliferation by inducing apoptosis in MCF-7 cells. Am J Chin Med. 2012;40(1):177-85.
. Dou Z, et al. Effect of wine and vinegar processing of Rhizoma Corydalis on the tissue distribution of tetrahydropalmatine, protopine and dehydrocorydaline in rats. Molecules. 2012 Jan 18;17(1):951-70.
. Matsuda H, et al. Inhibitory effects of dehydrocorydaline isolated from Corydalis Tuber against type I-IV allergic models. Biol Pharm Bull. 1997 Apr;20(4):431-4.