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VX-222 CAS: 1026785-59-0

Category: Inhibitors
Product Name: VX-222
Cat No: I000172
CAS No: 1026785-59-0
Synonyms: 5-(3,3-dimethylbut-1-ynyl)-3-[(4-hydroxycyclohexyl)-(4-methylcyclohexanecarbonyl)amino]thiophene-2-carboxylic acid
Molecular Formula: C25H35NO4S
Molecular Weight: 445.6
Solubility: DMSO ≥86mg/mL Water <1.2mg/mL Ethanol ≥86mg/mL
Target: HCV Protease
IC50: 0.94 μM (HCV NS5B 1a); 1.2 μM (HCV NS5B 1b)
Storage: powder
CAS 1026785-59-0,VX-222
  • Description

VX-222 (VCH-222) is a novel, potent and selective inhibitor of HCV polymerase with IC50 of 0.94-1.2 μM, 15.3-fold less effective for mutant M423T, and 108-fold less effective for mutant I482L.
IC50 Value: 0.94 μM (HCV NS5B 1a); 1.2 μM (HCV NS5B 1b)
Target: HCV
VX-222 is a small molecule non-nucleoside inhibitor of HCV NS5B polymerase that is being investigated for the treatment of hepatitis C virus infection. VX-222 exhibits non-competitive and selective inhibition in HCV NS5B of genotype 1a and 1b, with IC50 of 0.94 and 1.2 μM, respectively. VX-222 selectively inhibits the replication of subgenomic HCV genotype 1a and 1b with an EC50 of 22.3 and 11.2 nM, respectively. [1] Similarly, a recent study shows that VX-222 inhibits the 1b/Con1 HCV subgenomic replicon, with an EC50 of 5 nM. In rats and dogs, VCH-222 displays fine pharmacokinetic prole, including low total body clearance and excellent oral bioavailability (greater than 30%) and good ADME properties. VCH-222 is biotransformed by several enzymes (CYP1A1, 2A6, 2B6, 2C8, CYP 3A4, UGT1A3) and is predicted to be actively transported in liver and excreted mainly intact in bile or as glucuronide adducts.

  • References

[1]. M. Rodriguez-Torres et al. SAFETY AND ANTIVIRAL ACTIVITY OF THE HCV NON-NUCLEOSIDE POLYMERASE INHIBITOR VX-222 IN TREATMENT-NAIVE GENOTYPE 1 HCV-INFECTED PATIENTS Journal of Hepatology Volume 52, Supplement 1 , Page S14, April 2010 Abstract The experimental hepatitis C virus (HCV) polymerase inhibitor VX-222, being developed by Vertex, was generally well-tolerated and exhibited good antiviral activity over 3 days across a range of doses in treatment-naive genotype 1 patients, according to a Phase 1b study presented last week at the 45th Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL 2010) in Vienna.
[2]. Yi G, Deval J, Fan B, Cai H, Soulard C, Ranjith-Kumar CT, Smith DB, Blatt L, Beigelman L, Kao CC.Biochemical study of the comparative inhibition of hepatitis C virus RNA polymerase by VX-222 and filibuvir.Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012 Feb;56(2):830-7. Epub 2011 Dec 5. Abstract Filibuvir and VX-222 are nonnucleoside inhibitors (NNIs) that bind to the thumb II allosteric pocket of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA-dependent RNA polymerase. Both compounds have shown significant promise in clinical trials and, therefore, it is relevant to better understand their mechanisms of inhibition. In our study, filibuvir and VX-222 inhibited the 1b/Con1 HCV subgenomic replicon, with 50% effective concentrations (EC(50)s) of 70 nM and 5 nM, respectively. Using several RNA templates in biochemical assays, we found that both compounds preferentially inhibited primer-dependent RNA synthesis but had either no or only modest effects on de novo-initiated RNA synthesis. Filibuvir and VX-222 bind to the HCV polymerase with dissociation constants of 29 and 17 nM, respectively. Three potential resistance mutations in the thumb II pocket were analyzed for effects on inhibition by the two compounds. The M423T substitution in the RNA polymerase was at least 100-fold more resistant to filibuvir in the subgenomic replicon and in the enzymatic assays. This resistance was the result of a 250-fold loss in the binding affinity (K(d)) of the mutated enzyme to filibuvir. In contrast, the inhibitory activity of VX-222 was only modestly affected by the M423T substitution but more significantly affected by an I482L substitution.
[3]. Godzik P, Komorowski M, Cielecka-Kuszyk J, Madaliński K.[Inhibitors of hepatitis C virus--current standards and status of investigations].Przegl Epidemiol. 2010;64(4):473-8. Abstract The current standard of chronic hepatitis C therapy is the combined use of pegylated IFN-alpha 2a (PegIFN-alpha) and rybavirin (RBV). The new form of interferon, IFN-alpha 2b, was also introduced with no better results. Overall, the effectiveness of therapy with the use of the above scheme is not satisfactory. Thus the search for new therapeutic agents for hepatitis C is ongoing. These studies have the goal to find new preparations inhibiting the replication cycle of HCV. The new analogue of RBV, eg. tarybavirin was introduced, with lesser side effects, but the same effectiveness. The activity of new agents relies upon the inhibition of the most important enzymes of the HCV replication cycle: RNA polymerase, protease and helicase. Polymerase NS5 inhibitors are divided into nucleoside (R-7128) and nonnucleoside (ANA-598, GS 9190, VCH-759, VX-222). The intensive studies on the R-7128 analogue are ongoing. The effects of action of particular compounds in the I and II studies were summarized. The promised prodrug is nonnucleoside polymerase inhibitor, ANA-598 which when administrated to patients, gave 75% SVR. The combined administration of the newly described agents is the basis of specifically targeted antiviral therapies for HCV (STAT-C). These therapies allow to achieve better effectiveness of treatment, its shortening, the diminishment and limitation of side effects.

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