For research use only. Not Intended for Therapeutic Use!
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Isorhynchophylline (IRN), an alkaloid isolated from Uncaria rhynchophylla, possesses the effects of lowered blood pressure, vasodilatation and protection against ischemia-induced neuronal damage.
In vitro: Isorhynchophylline concentration-dependently inhibited the platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB-induced proliferation of PASMCs. Fluorescence-activated cell-sorting analysis showed that isorhynchophylline caused G0/G1 phase cell cycle arrest . Isorhynchophylline can significantly attenuate the cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by AngⅡ .
In vivo: Isorhynchophylline significantly improved spatial learning and memory function in the D-gal-treated mice. Isorhynchophylline significantly increased the level of glutathione (GSH) and the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), while decreased the level of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the brain tissues of the D-gal-treated mice . Isorhynchophylline prevented monocrotaline induced pulmonary arterial hypertension in rats, as assessed by right ventricular (RV) pressure, the weight ratio of RV to (left ventricular+septum) and RV hypertrophy. Isorhynchophylline significantly attenuated the percentage of fully muscularized small arterioles, the medial wall thickness, and the expression of smooth muscle α-actin (α-SMA) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) .
. Yan-Fang Xian, et al. Isorhynchophylline improves learning and memory impairments induced by D-galactose in mice. Neurochemistry International Volume 76, October 2014, Pages 42–49
. Guo H, et al. Isorhynchophylline protects against pulmonary arterial hypertension and suppresses PASMCs proliferation. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2014 Jul 18;450(1):729-34.
. LI Qiang, et al. Inhibitory effect of isorhynchophylline on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy induced by angiotensinⅡ. West China JOurnal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 2013-05